The Uighurs controlled most of Mongolia until 840 AD, when they were defeated by the Kyrgyz, who now live in the Chinese province of Xinjiang. The Largest Empire the World Has Ever Known: They remained little more than a loose confederation of rival clans until the late 12th century, when a 20 year old Mongol named Temujin emerged and managed to unite most of the Mongol tribes.
In 1189 he was given the honorary name of Genghis Khan, meaning 'universal king'.
The first part is based on the written accounts of The Secret History of the Mongols, a literary work embedded with historical value.
The second part is based on the work of several different scholars and historians (especially Rashid al-Din Hamadani), which are, in most cases, incomplete and even conflicting.
There seems to be experimentation in several respects.
Some miniatures are paintings in ink lines and coloured washes, others use opaque watercolour, in a range of palettes. The miniatures have elements derived from both Chinese and (less often) Western traditions; for example the mourners of Iskandar draw from Christian depictions of the Lamentation of Christ, and reminiscences of several other standard scenes from the Life of Christ in art appear in other miniatures.
From the vast range of potential moments to illustrate in the Shahnameh, and even allowing for the limited proportion that have survived, the illustrations show unusual choices.
Most of these people were nomads who, from time to time, formed confederations that rose to prominence.It is the oldest surviving illustrated manuscript of the Shahnameh, probably dating to the 1330s, and in its original form, which has not been recorded, was probably planned to consist of about 280 folios with 190 illustrations, bound in two volumes, although it is thought it was never completed.It was produced in the context of the Il-khanid court ruling Persia as part of the Mongol Empire, about a century after their conquest, and just as the dynasty was about to collapse.The index preceding the individual's name represents the number of generations since a common ancestor (in the first part: Borte Chino; in the second part: Genghis Khan).is an illustrated manuscript of the Shahnameh (also rendered "Shahnama"), the national epic of Greater Iran.